cregit-Linux how code gets into the kernel

Release 4.12 include/linux/intel-svm.h

Directory: include/linux
 * Copyright © 2015 Intel Corporation.
 * Authors: David Woodhouse <>
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
 * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
 * more details.

#ifndef __INTEL_SVM_H__

#define __INTEL_SVM_H__

struct device;

struct svm_dev_ops {
void (*fault_cb)(struct device *dev, int pasid, u64 address,
			 u32 private, int rwxp, int response);

/* Values for rxwp in fault_cb callback */

#define SVM_REQ_READ	(1<<3)

#define SVM_REQ_WRITE	(1<<2)

#define SVM_REQ_EXEC	(1<<1)

#define SVM_REQ_PRIV	(1<<0)

 * The SVM_FLAG_PRIVATE_PASID flag requests a PASID which is *not* the "main"
 * PASID for the current process. Even if a PASID already exists, a new one
 * will be allocated. And the PASID allocated with SVM_FLAG_PRIVATE_PASID
 * will not be given to subsequent callers. This facility allows a driver to
 * disambiguate between multiple device contexts which access the same MM,
 * if there is no other way to do so. It should be used sparingly, if at all.

#define SVM_FLAG_PRIVATE_PASID		(1<<0)

 * The SVM_FLAG_SUPERVISOR_MODE flag requests a PASID which can be used only
 * for access to kernel addresses. No IOTLB flushes are automatically done
 * for kernel mappings; it is valid only for access to the kernel's static
 * 1:1 mapping of physical memory — not to vmalloc or even module mappings.
 * A future API addition may permit the use of such ranges, by means of an
 * explicit IOTLB flush call (akin to the DMA API's unmap method).
 * It is unlikely that we will ever hook into flush_tlb_kernel_range() to
 * do such IOTLB flushes automatically.



 * intel_svm_bind_mm() - Bind the current process to a PASID
 * @dev:        Device to be granted acccess
 * @pasid:      Address for allocated PASID
 * @flags:      Flags. Later for requesting supervisor mode, etc.
 * @ops:        Callbacks to device driver
 * This function attempts to enable PASID support for the given device.
 * If the @pasid argument is non-%NULL, a PASID is allocated for access
 * to the MM of the current process.
 * By using a %NULL value for the @pasid argument, this function can
 * be used to simply validate that PASID support is available for the
 * given device — i.e. that it is behind an IOMMU which has the
 * requisite support, and is enabled.
 * Page faults are handled transparently by the IOMMU code, and there
 * should be no need for the device driver to be involved. If a page
 * fault cannot be handled (i.e. is an invalid address rather than
 * just needs paging in), then the page request will be completed by
 * the core IOMMU code with appropriate status, and the device itself
 * can then report the resulting fault to its driver via whatever
 * mechanism is appropriate.
 * Multiple calls from the same process may result in the same PASID
 * being re-used. A reference count is kept.
extern int intel_svm_bind_mm(struct device *dev, int *pasid, int flags,
			     struct svm_dev_ops *ops);

 * intel_svm_unbind_mm() - Unbind a specified PASID
 * @dev:        Device for which PASID was allocated
 * @pasid:      PASID value to be unbound
 * This function allows a PASID to be retired when the device no
 * longer requires access to the address space of a given process.
 * If the use count for the PASID in question reaches zero, the
 * PASID is revoked and may no longer be used by hardware.
 * Device drivers are required to ensure that no access (including
 * page requests) is currently outstanding for the PASID in question,
 * before calling this function.
extern int intel_svm_unbind_mm(struct device *dev, int pasid);


static inline int intel_svm_bind_mm(struct device *dev, int *pasid, int flags, struct svm_dev_ops *ops) { return -ENOSYS; }


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static inline int intel_svm_unbind_mm(struct device *dev, int pasid) { BUG(); }


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#endif /* CONFIG_INTEL_IOMMU_SVM */ #define intel_svm_available(dev) (!intel_svm_bind_mm((dev), NULL, 0, NULL)) #endif /* __INTEL_SVM_H__ */

Overall Contributors

David Woodhouse171100.00%5100.00%
Directory: include/linux
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