cregit-Linux how code gets into the kernel

Release 4.12 include/misc/cxl.h

Directory: include/misc
 * Copyright 2015 IBM Corp.
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
 * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

#ifndef _MISC_CXL_H

#define _MISC_CXL_H

#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/poll.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <uapi/misc/cxl.h>

 * This documents the in kernel API for driver to use CXL. It allows kernel
 * drivers to bind to AFUs using an AFU configuration record exposed as a PCI
 * configuration record.
 * This API enables control over AFU and contexts which can't be part of the
 * generic PCI API. This API is agnostic to the actual AFU.

#define CXL_SLOT_FLAG_DMA 0x1

 * Checks if the given card is in a cxl capable slot. Pass CXL_SLOT_FLAG_DMA if
 * the card requires CAPP DMA mode to also check if the system supports it.
 * This is intended to be used by bi-modal devices to determine if they can use
 * cxl mode or if they should continue running in PCI mode.
 * Note that this only checks if the slot is cxl capable - it does not
 * currently check if the CAPP is currently available for chips where it can be
 * assigned to different PHBs on a first come first serve basis (i.e. P8)
bool cxl_slot_is_supported(struct pci_dev *dev, int flags);

#define CXL_BIMODE_CXL 1

#define CXL_BIMODE_PCI 2

 * Check the mode that the given bi-modal CXL adapter is currently in and
 * change it if necessary. This does not apply to AFU drivers.
 * If the mode matches the requested mode this function will return 0 - if the
 * driver was expecting the generic CXL driver to have bound to the adapter and
 * it gets this return value it should fail the probe function to give the CXL
 * driver a chance to probe it.
 * If the mode does not match it will start a background task to unplug the
 * device from Linux and switch its mode, and will return -EBUSY. At this
 * point the calling driver should make sure it has released the device and
 * fail its probe function.
 * The offset of the CXL VSEC can be provided to this function. If 0 is passed,
 * this function will search for a CXL VSEC with ID 0x1280 and return -ENODEV
 * if it is not found.
int cxl_check_and_switch_mode(struct pci_dev *dev, int mode, int vsec);

/* Get the AFU associated with a pci_dev */
struct cxl_afu *cxl_pci_to_afu(struct pci_dev *dev);

/* Get the AFU conf record number associated with a pci_dev */
unsigned int cxl_pci_to_cfg_record(struct pci_dev *dev);

 * Context lifetime overview:
 * An AFU context may be inited and then started and stoppped multiple times
 * before it's released. ie.
 *    - cxl_dev_context_init()
 *      - cxl_start_context()
 *      - cxl_stop_context()
 *      - cxl_start_context()
 *      - cxl_stop_context()
 *     ...repeat...
 *    - cxl_release_context()
 * Once released, a context can't be started again.
 * One context is inited by the cxl driver for every pci_dev. This is to be
 * used as a default kernel context. cxl_get_context() will get this
 * context. This context will be released by PCI hot unplug, so doesn't need to
 * be released explicitly by drivers.
 * Additional kernel contexts may be inited using cxl_dev_context_init().
 * These must be released using cxl_context_detach().
 * Once a context has been inited, IRQs may be configured. Firstly these IRQs
 * must be allocated (cxl_allocate_afu_irqs()), then individually mapped to
 * specific handlers (cxl_map_afu_irq()).
 * These IRQs can be unmapped (cxl_unmap_afu_irq()) and finally released
 * (cxl_free_afu_irqs()).
 * The AFU can be reset (cxl_afu_reset()). This will cause the PSL/AFU
 * hardware to lose track of all contexts. It's upto the caller of
 * cxl_afu_reset() to restart these contexts.

 * On pci_enabled_device(), the cxl driver will init a single cxl context for
 * use by the driver. It doesn't start this context (as that will likely
 * generate DMA traffic for most AFUs).
 * This gets the default context associated with this pci_dev.  This context
 * doesn't need to be released as this will be done by the PCI subsystem on hot
 * unplug.
struct cxl_context *cxl_get_context(struct pci_dev *dev);
 * Allocate and initalise a context associated with a AFU PCI device. This
 * doesn't start the context in the AFU.
struct cxl_context *cxl_dev_context_init(struct pci_dev *dev);
 * Release and free a context. Context should be stopped before calling.
int cxl_release_context(struct cxl_context *ctx);

 * Set and get private data associated with a context. Allows drivers to have a
 * back pointer to some useful structure.
int cxl_set_priv(struct cxl_context *ctx, void *priv);
void *cxl_get_priv(struct cxl_context *ctx);

 * Allocate AFU interrupts for this context. num=0 will allocate the default
 * for this AFU as given in the AFU descriptor. This number doesn't include the
 * interrupt 0 (CAIA defines AFU IRQ 0 for page faults). Each interrupt to be
 * used must map a handler with cxl_map_afu_irq.
int cxl_allocate_afu_irqs(struct cxl_context *cxl, int num);
/* Free allocated interrupts */
void cxl_free_afu_irqs(struct cxl_context *cxl);

 * Map a handler for an AFU interrupt associated with a particular context. AFU
 * IRQS numbers start from 1 (CAIA defines AFU IRQ 0 for page faults). cookie
 * is private data is that will be provided to the interrupt handler.
int cxl_map_afu_irq(struct cxl_context *cxl, int num,
		    irq_handler_t handler, void *cookie, char *name);
/* unmap mapped IRQ handlers */
void cxl_unmap_afu_irq(struct cxl_context *cxl, int num, void *cookie);

 * Start work on the AFU. This starts an cxl context and associates it with a
 * task. task == NULL will make it a kernel context.
int cxl_start_context(struct cxl_context *ctx, u64 wed,
		      struct task_struct *task);
 * Stop a context and remove it from the PSL
int cxl_stop_context(struct cxl_context *ctx);

/* Reset the AFU */
int cxl_afu_reset(struct cxl_context *ctx);

 * Set a context as a master context.
 * This sets the default problem space area mapped as the full space, rather
 * than just the per context area (for slaves).
void cxl_set_master(struct cxl_context *ctx);

 * Sets the context to use real mode memory accesses to operate with
 * translation disabled. Note that this only makes sense for kernel contexts
 * under bare metal, and will not work with virtualisation. May only be
 * performed on stopped contexts.
int cxl_set_translation_mode(struct cxl_context *ctx, bool real_mode);

 * Map and unmap the AFU Problem Space area. The amount and location mapped
 * depends on if this context is a master or slave.
void __iomem *cxl_psa_map(struct cxl_context *ctx);
void cxl_psa_unmap(void __iomem *addr);

/*  Get the process element for this context */
int cxl_process_element(struct cxl_context *ctx);

 * Limit the number of interrupts that a single context can allocate via
 * cxl_start_work. If using the api with a real phb, this may be used to
 * request that additional default contexts be created when allocating
 * interrupts via pci_enable_msix_range. These will be set to the same running
 * state as the default context, and if that is running it will reuse the
 * parameters previously passed to cxl_start_context for the default context.
int cxl_set_max_irqs_per_process(struct pci_dev *dev, int irqs);
int cxl_get_max_irqs_per_process(struct pci_dev *dev);

 * Use to simultaneously iterate over hardware interrupt numbers, contexts and
 * afu interrupt numbers allocated for the device via pci_enable_msix_range and
 * is a useful convenience function when working with hardware that has
 * limitations on the number of interrupts per process. *ctx and *afu_irq
 * should be NULL and 0 to start the iteration.
int cxl_next_msi_hwirq(struct pci_dev *pdev, struct cxl_context **ctx, int *afu_irq);

 * These calls allow drivers to create their own file descriptors and make them
 * identical to the cxl file descriptor user API. An example use case:
 * struct file_operations cxl_my_fops = {};
 * ......
 *      // Init the context
 *      ctx = cxl_dev_context_init(dev);
 *      if (IS_ERR(ctx))
 *              return PTR_ERR(ctx);
 *      // Create and attach a new file descriptor to my file ops
 *      file = cxl_get_fd(ctx, &cxl_my_fops, &fd);
 *      // Start context
 *      rc = cxl_start_work(ctx, &;
 *      if (rc) {
 *              fput(file);
 *              put_unused_fd(fd);
 *              return -ENODEV;
 *      }
 *      // No error paths after installing the fd
 *      fd_install(fd, file);
 *      return fd;
 * This inits a context, and gets a file descriptor and associates some file
 * ops to that file descriptor. If the file ops are blank, the cxl driver will
 * fill them in with the default ones that mimic the standard user API.  Once
 * completed, the file descriptor can be installed. Once the file descriptor is
 * installed, it's visible to the user so no errors must occur past this point.
 * If cxl_fd_release() file op call is installed, the context will be stopped
 * and released when the fd is released. Hence the driver won't need to manage
 * this itself.

 * Take a context and associate it with my file ops. Returns the associated
 * file and file descriptor. Any file ops which are blank are filled in by the
 * cxl driver with the default ops to mimic the standard API.
struct file *cxl_get_fd(struct cxl_context *ctx, struct file_operations *fops,
			int *fd);
/* Get the context associated with this file */
struct cxl_context *cxl_fops_get_context(struct file *file);
 * Start a context associated a struct cxl_ioctl_start_work used by the
 * standard cxl user API.
int cxl_start_work(struct cxl_context *ctx,
		   struct cxl_ioctl_start_work *work);
 * Export all the existing fops so drivers can use them
int cxl_fd_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file);
int cxl_fd_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file);
long cxl_fd_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg);
int cxl_fd_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vm);
unsigned int cxl_fd_poll(struct file *file, struct poll_table_struct *poll);
ssize_t cxl_fd_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count,
			   loff_t *off);

 * For EEH, a driver may want to assert a PERST will reload the same image
 * from flash into the FPGA.
 * This is a property of the entire adapter, not a single AFU, so drivers
 * should set this property with care!
void cxl_perst_reloads_same_image(struct cxl_afu *afu,
				  bool perst_reloads_same_image);

 * Read the VPD for the card where the AFU resides
ssize_t cxl_read_adapter_vpd(struct pci_dev *dev, void *buf, size_t count);

 * AFU driver ops allow an AFU driver to create their own events to pass to
 * userspace through the file descriptor as a simpler alternative to overriding
 * the read() and poll() calls that works with the generic cxl events. These
 * events are given priority over the generic cxl events, so they will be
 * delivered first if multiple types of events are pending.
 * The AFU driver must call cxl_context_events_pending() to notify the cxl
 * driver that new events are ready to be delivered for a specific context.
 * cxl_context_events_pending() will adjust the current count of AFU driver
 * events for this context, and wake up anyone waiting on the context wait
 * queue.
 * The cxl driver will then call fetch_event() to get a structure defining
 * the size and address of the driver specific event data. The cxl driver
 * will build a cxl header with type and process_element fields filled in,
 * and header.size set to sizeof(struct cxl_event_header) + data_size.
 * The total size of the event is limited to CXL_READ_MIN_SIZE (4K).
 * fetch_event() is called with a spin lock held, so it must not sleep.
 * The cxl driver will then deliver the event to userspace, and finally
 * call event_delivered() to return the status of the operation, identified
 * by cxl context and AFU driver event data pointers.
 *   0        Success
 *   -EFAULT  copy_to_user() has failed
 *   -EINVAL  Event data pointer is NULL, or event size is greater than
 *            CXL_READ_MIN_SIZE.

struct cxl_afu_driver_ops {
struct cxl_event_afu_driver_reserved *(*fetch_event) (
						struct cxl_context *ctx);
void (*event_delivered) (struct cxl_context *ctx,
				 struct cxl_event_afu_driver_reserved *event,
				 int rc);

 * Associate the above driver ops with a specific context.
 * Reset the current count of AFU driver events.
void cxl_set_driver_ops(struct cxl_context *ctx,
			struct cxl_afu_driver_ops *ops);

/* Notify cxl driver that new events are ready to be delivered for context */
void cxl_context_events_pending(struct cxl_context *ctx,
				unsigned int new_events);

#endif /* _MISC_CXL_H */

Overall Contributors

Michael Neuling39366.27%220.00%
Ian Munsie7212.14%440.00%
Philippe Bergheaud6911.64%110.00%
Andrew Donnellan294.89%110.00%
Frederic Barrat172.87%110.00%
Daniel Axtens132.19%110.00%
Directory: include/misc
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